Argumentative essay is among the leaders in the list of the most hated written assignments. Writing a paper is a challenge itself, and supporting it with solid academic argumentation is a cumbersome task not only for students but for most of us. This is why combination of these two aspects drives students crazy and leaves them helpless in the face of looming submission deadline. However, a good argumentative essay is a written reflection of a successful negotiations and persuasions that we conduct daily without even noticing it. So maybe you are not that helpless in this case.
The name of the essay suggests that it includes argument, so the topic should be debatable. In this debate you are supposed to take one side and demonstrate that this viewpoint is right while the opposite side is wrong. Persuasion is ususally done with the help of words and facts, so bringing in the right facts is essential. In order to win in any kind of debates, be ready to briefly outline the opposing viewpoint and to provide irrefutable arguments that will reduce this opposing viewpoint to powder. Well, this is essentially everything you have to know about an argumentative essay in general.
Step-by-Step Guide on How to Write an Argumentative Essay
Now that you understand what is an argumentative essay, let us look closer at what you can do to produce a really impressive and persuasive argument. You may select different types of debatable topics depending on your purpose:
- to show that something is true or false,
- to clearly define something,
- to prove/refute importance of something,
- to demonstrate causal relationships,
- to call for action (while offering viable solutions or policies).
Starting with this guide, you can shape the thesis (argument) you want and then build the paper around this clear benchmark.
Yet writing an argumentative essay is not only about creating a shiny debatable claim. You need a strategy to lead the audience to the conclusion you need. Roughly speaking, there are two general strategies of building an argument: total demolition of arguments provided by a competing side and fight for your own claim, or searching for a compromise in cases when finding a reliable solution is more important than winning the debate. Your selected topic and personal position define the strategy you choose, just remember to follow it consistently through the whole paper.
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Argumentative Essay Outline Template: What Parts Should be Included
Overall explanations are good, yet technical guides how to write an argumentative essay are definitely better. So, an approximate outline for a good essay will include the following:
- introduction – presenting some context and shaping your argument/thesis (with your side clearly indicated)
- body of the paper – describing the problem in details, presenting opposing views, providing valid reasons (3-4 of them) to support your point, anticipating and refuting objections of the opposite side
- conclusion – restating your side of the argument and urging the audience to accept it.
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